Detox with D-Toxol®

D-Toxol Logos


A novel new supplement incorporating focused detoxification and/or toxin blocking components in combination with a group of proven Glutathione precursors and detoxification organ support nutrients.


D-Toxol Bottle

Today we are all exposed to hundreds of dangerous new man-made toxins such as radiation, EMF’s, plastics, fire retardants, rocket fuel residue, BPA, phthalates, hydrocarbons, heavy metals, animal hormones and antibiotics, fluoride, food preservatives, aspartame, MSG, pesticides, and many others. Almost none of these toxins existed just a few decades ago. As a result, our detoxification mechanisms and our immune systems are not equipped to deal with many if not most of them.

NOTE: D-Toxol® is designed to be used with D-Toxol® Accelerator® or L-glycine for maximum effectiveness.

L-Glycine (90)
L-Glycine (90)
Each capsule supplies L-Glycine (Amino Acid) 1000 mg. Recommended usage is one capsule per meal, combined with D-Toxol.
Price: £10.31
EUR €12.89
D-Toxol Accelerator (90)
D-Toxol Accelerator (90)
Each capsule supplies L-Glycine (Amino Acid) 600 mg., N,N-Dimethylglycine (DMG) 30 mg., Trimethylglycine (TMG) 200 mg. *** D-Toxol® Accelerator should not be used by children under 2 years of age, and is never to be given to any child without the consent of the child’s physician. For recommended dosage information click links below *** For Adult dosage instructions click here. For Kids dosage instructions click here.
Price: £20.78
EUR €25.98


D-Toxol® is intended to supplement the body with nutrients proven to aid and assist in the manufacture of glutathione, and to supply proven chelating agents, blocking agents, and neutralizing agents to help minimize their deleterious effects on the human body and health in general. It also contains nutrients proven to support immune function and detoxification processes involving the liver and kidneys. Individual ingredients in D-Toxol® have been proven to be effective for many detoxification functions and against numerous toxins as outlined in the Ingredients section below. D-Toxol® also addresses several increasingly common methylation defects which prevent normal detoxification and multiple processes of cellular metabolism.

Side Effects

For those with specific but rare methylation gene defects causing over methylation, D-Toxol® can cause worsening of some symptoms. The antidote for such reactions is our special product named Methyldote®. If you are ordering D-Toxol® for the first time you should also purchase one bottle of Methyldote® to use if you have an increase in symptoms because of taking D-Toxol®.

Methyldote (25)
Methyldote (25)
Each capsule of Methyldote contains Niacinamide 25 mg, and Pyridoxine HCL plus Pyridoxal 5 Phosphate 25 mg. The combination of these simple nutrients has shown to be effective in stopping any negative effects caused by over-methylation or rapid detoxification that rarely occur when using D-Toxol. One bottle of Methyldote should be ordered by anyone purchasing D-Toxol for the first time, and used as per the instructions on the label, in the event of any sort of negative response to D-Toxol.
Price: £10.92
EUR €13.65

Special Precautions & Warnings

D-Toxol® should not be used during pregnancy or by lactating/nursing women without the approval of a physician.


D-Toxol® contains ingredients that may interact with Digoxin, and should not be used with Digoxin.


Adult dosage is 6 capsules per day – 2 with each meal or as otherwise directed. Begin with 1 capsule during a meal on the first day then increase by 1 capsule each day until full dosage is achieved. Use at full dosage for 10 days then discontinue for 3 days. Begin full dosage again without tapering and continue for 10 days. Stop for 3 days. Repeat continuously.

D-Toxol® is not intended for use by children under the age of 15 because of possible effects on the endocrine and immune systems. Talk with your healthcare professional and get their approval before giving D-Toxol® to children under the age of 15. Kid’s D-Toxol® is available for non-adults.

Pricing & Ordering

D-Toxol® is available from Ultra Life Inc. In the US, single bottles of 180 capsules (a 5 week supply) are $72 (product #9600), cases of 12 bottles are $692 (product #9601). US orders can be made online at: or by phone at: (800) 323-3842 toll free. L-glycine (product #9605) is the essential companion supplement to D-Toxol® to increase hydrocarbon detoxification. It is also available from Ultra in 90 capsule bottles (5 week supply).


D-Toxol (180)
D-Toxol (180)
Each capsule supplies Acetyl L-Cysteine 100 mg., Alpha Lipoic Acid 30 mg., Anhydrous Trimethylglycine 40 mg., Artichoke Extract (minimum 10:1) 20 mg., Ashwagandha Root (>4:1 powder extract) 25 mg., Bacopa Monniera Extract (>45% bacosides) 25 mg., Beta 1, 3 Glucan 65 mg., Biotin 1500 mcg., Vitamin B-1 (as Thiamine Pyrophosphate) 10 mg., Vitamin B-2 (as Riboflavin 5 Phosphate) 8 mg., Vitamin B-6 (as Pyridoxal 5 Phosphate) 10 mg., Vitamin B-12 (as Methylcobalamin) 160 mcg., Vitamin C (as Calcium Ascorbate) 33 mg., Calcium (from Ascorbate, D-Glucarate) 8 mg., Choline 25 mg., Chromium GTF 33 mcg., Copper (from Gluconate) 0.130 mg., 5-MTHF (5-Methyltetrahydrofolate) 160 mcg., Green Tea Catechins 20 mg., Holy Basil/Tulsi (Aerial Parts >2% ursolic acid) 40 mg., Horsetail 20 mg., Iodine (from Potassium Iodide) 1830 mcg., Lithium (from Orotate) 1 mg., Magnesium (as Magnesium Glycinate) 40 mg., Manganese (as Manganese Citrate) 0.833 mg., Molybdenum 100 mcg., Quercetin 40 mg., Rutin 35 mg., Selenium (as Selenomethionine) 33 mcg., Silymarin 38 mg., Sodium Alginate 145 mg., Turmeric (95% Curcumin) 30 mg., Zinc (as Zinc Picolinate) 7 mg. Designed to be combined with 3,000 mg of L-Glycine per day for optimal effectiveness For recommended dosage instructions click here.
Price: £62.40
EUR €78.00

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(for a case of 12)

L-glycine is the companion supplement to D-Toxol® to increase hydrocarbon detoxification). It is also available from SynergisticsEurope for £5.50 per 90 capsule bottle (5 week supply).

L-Glycine (90)
L-Glycine (90)
Each capsule supplies L-Glycine (Amino Acid) 1000 mg. Recommended usage is one capsule per meal, combined with D-Toxol.
Price: £10.31
EUR €12.89

Ingredients per capsule


NAC helps the body defend against almost all toxins and works exceptionally well for supporting liver functions. As a powerful detoxifier of heavy metals and drugs, NAC is the primary hospital treatment for acute and cumulative acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning. More importantly, NAC is the body’s main ingredient for the manufacture of glutathione (GSH). GSH is known as “the Mother of all Antioxidants”. University studies have clearly shown that glutathione possesses a unique ability to slow the aging process and aids in the protection of all cells and membranes. A Harvard study found that glutathione is especially able to enhance immune system cells, protecting against damage from radiation and helping to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy, x-rays, and alcohol. GSH also aids in the treatment of many blood and liver disorders. [1][2]



ALA is a powerful antioxidant that supports normal blood sugar, vision health, and detoxification. Toxins are stored in fat cells. Because ALA is uniquely both fat- and water-soluble, it can get into all parts of the cell to help neutralize toxins. It also has the impressive ability to help regenerate vitamin E, vitamin C, and—most importantly—glutathione. [3]



TMG is a powerful “methyl donor”. Methyl molecules are essential to help DNA prevent the expression of harmful genes, such as cancer genes. TMG also assists in proper functioning of the liver, as well as in treating pre-existing liver problems, and has been used to reduce the accumulation of fat in the liver. [4]

Research on TMG reveals the following:

1. Prevents homocysteine levels from rising
2. Decreases the amount of fat tissue
3. Used to treat homocystinuria
4. Improves neurological development in homocystinuria
5. Will improve homocystinuria that is not responsive to pyridoxine
6. Improves dry mouth
7. Increases levels of hepatic S-adenosylmethionine
8. Prevents alcohol –related fatty liver
9. Contributes to fat degeneration (steatosis)
10. Reduces liver triglycerides levels
11. Reduces liver lipidosis
12. Used in treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
13. Reduces cholesterol
14. Reduces beta-lipoproteins
15. Decreases seizures
16. Decreases incidence of death from seizure
17. May be an effective antimicrobial.


ARTICHOKE EXTRACT (>10:1 extract) 15 mg

Artichoke extract has the proven ability to stimulate regeneration of liver cells. It also raises the secretion of bile in the liver. Many toxins are bound to bile by the liver, and then excreted into the intestine via the gallbladder. Increasing bile production can increase toxin mobilization into the intestine where it can be captured by sodium alginate (see below) to prevent re-absorption by the intestines. [5]


ASHWAGANDHA ROOT (>4:1 powder extract) 20 mg

Ashwagandha, an Indian ginseng, has been proven in multiple studies to work as an excellent immune booster, and selectively kills tumor cells. It also possesses anti-inflammatory, stress relieving, antioxidant and rejuvenating properties. [6]

BACOPA MONNIERA EXTRACT (>45% bacosides) 15 mg

One of the very few known substances proven to counteract the damaging effects on cognitive function and mental performance from non-ionizing radiation and oscillating magnetic and electric fields (also known as EMF’s) generated by power lines, radar and microwave towers, television and computer screens, motors, fluorescent lights, microwave ovens, cell phones, electric blankets, house wiring and hundreds of other common electrical devices. [7]


BETA-1,3 GLUCAN 50 mg

Beta-1,3 Glucan is proven in use against high cholesterol, diabetes. It is a powerful and proven anti-cancer substance, and dramatically improves immune function, and is also an antioxidant. Studies by the U.S. Army showed that it is also powerful protection against lethal dosages of radiation.[8]


BIOTIN 1500 mcg

Biotin is necessary for cell growth, the production of fatty acids, and the metabolism of fats and amino acids. Biotin assists in various metabolic reactions involving the transfer of carbon dioxide. It supports glucose metabolism by stimulating glucose-induced insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells and by accelerating glucose metabolism in the liver. Biotin also enhances muscle insulin sensitivity by increasing uptake of glucose by the muscle cells.


VITAMIN B-1 (Thiamine Pyrophosphate) 9 mg

Vitamin B-1 deficiency is now a very common because it is depleted by chlorinated pesticides and formaldehyde, two ubiquitous toxins. B-1 is the primary treatment for alcohol induced toxicities. It also converts carbohydrates into energy, and maintains normal function of the nervous system, heart, and muscles. It is essential to restore the body’s primary antioxidant defense components: glutathione and alpha lipoic acid. [9]


VITAMIN B-2 (Riboflavin 5 Phosphate) 5 mg

Riboflavin 5-phosphate (the active form of vitamin B-2) helps block free-radical damage by recycling glutathione. It also plays a key role in the production of energy and helps to shore up the immune system by reinforcing antibody reserves. Combined with a minimal amount of Iron (also included in D-Toxol®), riboflavin is essential for producing the red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body. The body uses extra riboflavin to keep tissue in good repair and speed healing of wounds, burns and other injuries. [10]


VITAMIN B-6 (Pyridoxal 5 Phosphate) 9 mg

Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (the active form of vitamin B-6) is depleted by many toxic substances. Vitamin B6 deficiency makes it very difficult for the liver to detoxify. [11]


VITAMIN B-12 (Methylcobalamin 60 mcg and Hydroxocobalamin 60 mcg)

These forms of vitamin B-12 have been proven to protect the brain from the damage of ingesting aspartame-containing artificial sweeteners, food additives such as MSG or meat that has been ‘browned’ or smoked. It protects the cognitive function of those suffering chronic fatigue syndrome, stroke, depression, Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological diseases. It is also a powerful methyl donor (as discussed above). Researchers have found that gamma-irradiation of the whole body or of the abdomen decreased absorption of B-12 causing B-12 deficiency. [12]


VITAMIN C (Calcium Ascorbate) 27 mg

Calcium Ascorbate is 80% vitamin C and 20% calcium. Calcium ascorbate is less acidic than other types of vitamin C, and provides much better absorption than the most common form of vitamin C (ascorbic acid). As an antioxidant it protects the body from a wide range of toxins and acts as an immune system strengthener. It is essential for growth and repair of tissues and helps the body to cope with physical and mental stress. Calcium ascorbate is also a key component to proper protein digestion. Most importantly, it maximizes NAC absorption and helps protect existing glutathione stores. [13] [14]



Calcium D-glucarate is proven for preventing breast, prostate, and colon cancer. It is extremely efficient for removing cancer-causing toxins, and exhausted and oxidized (spent) hormones (including steroidal hormones added to livestock and poultry) from the body. It also provides the body with glucaric acid, a substance that that is essential for liver detoxification [15]



Choline is proven to be essential for keeping cell membranes — the gates through which nutrients enter and wastes leave your cells — functioning properly. It also allows your nerves to communicate with your muscles, and prevents the build-up of homocysteine in your blood. (Homocysteine is a harmful compound that is associated with cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis). Choline reduces chronic inflammation and helps prevent fatty build-up in the liver. It is very effective at protection against heavy metal toxicity, and promotes brain health and function. [16][17]



Chromium picolinate works together with insulin to metabolize carbohydrates. It has been used in alternative medicine as an aid to lowering cholesterol or improving the body’s use of glucose (sugar).


COPPER (Copper Gluconate) 130 mcg

A very quickly absorbed form of bio-available/usable, non-metallic copper. Adequate copper is essential for immune function and hormone balance.[18]


5-MTHF (Methyltetrahydrofolate) 160 mcg

This form of folic acid is proven to repair toxin- and radiation-damaged DNA. It is also a powerful methyl donor for support of numerous detoxification pathways.[19][20]


Green tea catechins have potent antioxidant activity. They have been proven as a tumor inhibitor. Multiple studies have shown them to be very effective against radiation damage, including high energy sources like x-rays and gamma rays such as those emitted from cesium 137 (Fukushima). Green tea catechins also directly absorb radiation. However, this quality makes all green tea from Japan potentially dangerous. Our green tea catechins are pure and non-radioactive. Several studies claim that hundreds who survived Hiroshima at ground zero had one thing in common that was responsible for their survival: drinking 20 cups of green tea per day. [21]


HOLY BASIL/TULSI (>2% Ursolic Acid) 30 mg

Tulsi has powerful proven antioxidant properties, lowers cortisol levels and influences the neurochemistry of the brain in a manner similar to antidepressant medications. Regular use of this herb is reported to strengthen nerve tissue, promote clarity of mind, increase memory and ease nervous tension. A number of studies have shown how holy basil protects healthy cells from the toxicity of radiation and helps limit the damage that radiation causes to the bone marrow and digestive tract. [22][23]



Horsetail has been proven to support kidney function, tone the urinary tract and reduce water retention, thus improving removal of toxins from the urinary eliminatory route. [24][25][26]


IODINE (from potassium iodide) 300 mcg

Iodine protects the thyroid gland from the effects of exposure to radioactive iodine, a very common form of radiation from nuclear plant accidents and nuclear events. Low dose iodine supplementation from seaweed is recommended for ongoing exposure of lower levels of radioactive iodine. Our form of iodine is from natural purified sea weeds.


Iodine supplementation has also been clinically proven to increase the body’s elimination of sodium fluoride (found in fluoridated water). [27]



Proven to both protect and renew brain cells. Effective against the effects of alcohol use and abuse and has been successfully useful as the main pharmacologic agent for the treatment of alcoholism. Radiation exposure quickly degrades white cell count and thus suppresses immune function dramatically. Lithium orotate stimulates the stem cells in bone marrow, which then turn into platelets and white blood cells. Lithium deficiency is extremely common because of exhausted farm soils. [28][29]


MAGNESIUM (Magnesium Glycinate) 30 mg

The best absorbed form of magnesium. Magnesium is one of the most commonly deficient nutrients in the chemically toxic individual, and magnesium stores are also dramatically exhausted by stress and trauma. The benefits of magnesium include heart protection, detoxification, lessens PMS, promotes bone health, prevents cardiac arrhythmias, and promotes overall relaxation. [30][31]

MANGANESE (Manganese Citrate) 0.833 mg

A powerful free radical scavenger which also helps reduce fatigue levels and regulate blood sugar. Essential for energy production and conversion in every cell in the body. [32]



Molybdenum detoxifies sulfites, acetaldehyde, and a variety of toxic chemicals. These toxins occur naturally in coffee, bread, and ripe fruit, and are produced by plants as part of their normal metabolism. Acetadehyde is also produced by hundreds of manufacturing processes as well as oxidation of ethanol (drinking alcohol) and is believed to be a cause of hangovers. Pathways of acetaldehyde exposure include air, water, and groundwater. [33]



Laboratory studies show that quercetin has anti-tumor effects, and has potential to be useful against various cancers including pancreatic cancer. Quercetin, when combined with vitamin C, showed an increase in anti-mutagenic activity. Quercetin plays a critical role in regenerating glutathione and helps to eliminate toxic compounds found in the liver. [34][35]


RUTIN 25 mg

Rutin is a powerful free radical scavenger and was found to be the most effective compound administered in a study of nutrients that protect against radiation exposure. [36][37]


SELENIUM (Selenomethionine) 25 mcg

Selenomethionine is a natural and stable form of Selenium, and is the best-absorbed form of selenium. The production of glutathione is critically dependant upon selenium. Selenium is a common human deficiency. Adequate selenium plays a critical role in regenerating glutathione. It is also of key importance for efficient energy metabolism. In studies, selenium-treated patients developed almost 66% fewer prostate cancers, 50% fewer colorectal cancers, and about 40% fewer lung cancers as compared with the placebo group. [38]



Silymarin is component of Milk Thistle, and is a powerful antioxidant proven to protect liver, kidney, and other cells in the body and brain from toxin damage. Silymarin also decreases the oxidation (deactivation) of glutathione. It also stimulates growth of new liver cells and improves immune system function. It works in all phases of detoxification from binding to the toxins to increasing glutathione levels so the toxins can be moved out of the body.[39]



Sodium alginate, an extract from brown algae, is known for its ability to bind to strontium, lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic, barium and aluminum. In a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, sodium alginate reduced radioactive strontium absorption in the intestines by 50% to 80%. The Atomic Energy Commission recommends its use for those who experience radiation exposure. [40]


TURMERIC (95% curcumin) 20 mg

Turmeric shows powerful anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities in numerous lab studies. Studies also suggest that curcumin extract (from turmeric) exhibits neuroprotective, anti-proliferative and preventative effects against cancer. Curcumin protects the liver and has been shown to suppress and neutralize several common chemical toxins. [41][42]


ZINC (Zinc Picolinate) 5 mg

Zinc methionate is the most absorbable form of zinc. Zinc is needed in over 100 enzymes and is essential to countless body functions. It functions as an antioxidant and is critically involved in carbohydrate metabolism. It is also involved in the activation and utilization of many of the components in D-Toxol®. Zinc is universally considered the most useful mineral to supplement for heavy metal detoxification. It helps displace cesium, lead, mercury, and excess copper. Zinc deficiency is nearing epidemic levels in the US. [43][44]

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. They are summaries and/or abstracts based on the cumulative research by the National Institutes of Health including peer reviewed studies for the individual ingredients in D-Toxol®.*D-Toxol® and its ingredients are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease, health problem or medical condition.


[1] Volume: 72, Issue: 1-3; 55-60.

[2] Glutathione in human plasma: decline in association with aging, age-related macular degeneration, and diabetes. Free Radic Biol Med 1998;24:699-704.

[3] Antioxidant Diet Supplementation Starting 24 Hours after Exposure Reduces Radiation Lethality , Radiat Res. 2010 April; 173(4): 462–468.

[4] “Treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver: present and emerging therapies”. Semin Liver Dis 2001; 21 (1): 81–88.

[5] “Protective properties of artichoke (Cynara scolymus) against oxidative stress induced in cultured endothelial cells and monocytes.” Life Sci. 2002; 71(24): 2897.

[6] Selective Killing of Cancer Cells by Leaf Extract of Ashwagandha: Identification of a Tumor-Inhibitory Factor and the First Molecular Insights to Its Effect. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-06-0948 Clin Cancer Res April 1, 2007 13; 2298

[7] “Free radical scavenging capacity and protective effect of Bacopa monniera L. on DNA damage.” Phytotherapy Res 2003; 17:870-875.

[8] “Glucan effect on the survival of mice after radiation exposure,” Acta Physiol Pol. 1984 May-Jun; 35(3): 231-6.

[9] “B vitamin deficiency and neuropsychiatric syndromes in alcohol misuse.” Alcohol Alcohol, 1998; 33:317-336.

[10] The influence of vitamin B2 intake on the activation coefficient of erythrocyte glutation reductase in the elderly. J Nutr Health Aging. 2002;6(1):60-62.

[11] “Vitamin B-6 deficiency impairs interleukin 2 production and lymphocyte proliferation in elderly adults.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1991;53(5):1275-1280.

[12] “Folate, vitamin B12, and serum total homocysteine levels in confirmed Alzheimer disease.” Arch Neurol. 1998;55(11):1449-1455.

[13] “Intakes of vitamins A, C and E and folate and multivitamins and lung cancer: a pooled analysis of 8 prospective studies.” Int J Cancer. 2006;118(4):970-978.

[14] Vitamins E and C in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer in men. Free Radic Biol Med. 2009;46(11):1558.

[15] Potential use of D-glucaric acid derivatives in cancer prevention. Cancer Letters. Volume 54, Issues 1-2, 8 October 1990, Pages 1-8.

[16] Phosphatidylcholine: A Superior Protectant Against Liver Damage. Alt Med Rev 1:4; p 258-274

[17] Adaptation of subcellular glutathione detoxification system to stress conditions in choline-deficient diet induced rat fatty liver. Cell Biology and Toxicology, 2003; 19:355-366.

[18] Effects of low-copper diets on human immune response. Am J Clin Nutr. 1995;62(2):412-416.

[19] Modification of Radiation Damage of Bacteria by Folic Acid Antagonists. J Bacteriol. 1965 December; 90(6): 1548–1551.

[20] DNA instability (strand breakage, uracil misincorporation, and defective repair) is increased by folic acid depletion in human lymphocytes in vitro. The FASEB Journal. 1998;12:1491-1497.

[21] The Biochemistry of Green Tea Polyphenols and Their Potential Application in Human Skin Cancer. Alt Med Rev 1996; 1:31-42.

[22] Evaluation of Cardioprotective Activity of Ginkgo biloba and Ocimum santum in Rodents. Alt Med Rev. 2009. 14,2:161-171

[23] Myocardial salvaging effects of Ocimum sanctum (Holy Basil) in experimental model of myocardial necrosis: a haemodynamic, biochemical and histoarchitectural assessment. Curr Sci 2006;91:667-672.

[24] Antimicrobial Activity of Northwestern Mexican Plants Against Helicobacter pylori. J Med Food. 2011 Jun 11.

[25] Extracts of Canadian first nations medicinal plants, used as natural products, inhibit neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates with different antibiotic resistance profiles. Sex Transm Dis. 2011 Jul;38(7):667-71.

[26] Antioxidative and antiproliferative activities of different horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.) extracts. J Med Food. 2010 Apr;13(2):452-9.

[27] Iodine Monograph. Alt Med Rev;2010; 15.3:278-273.

[28] Effect of lithium on stem cell and stromal cell proliferation in vitro. Exp Hematol. 1986 Mar;14(3):215-21.

[29] Lithium stimulates progenitor proliferation in cultured brain neurons. Neuroscience, Volume 117, Issue 1, 17 March 2003, Pages 55-61.

[30] Increased phagocytosis and production of reactive oxygen species by neutrophils during magnesium deficiency in rats and inhibition by high magnesium concentration. Br J Nutr 2002; 87:107-13.

[31] “Consequences of magnesium deficiency on the enhancement of stress reactions; preventive and therapeutic implications (a review).” J Am Coll Nutr 13(5): 429-446.

[32] Manganese complexes and the generation and scavenging of hydroxyl free radicals. Free Radical Biology and Medicine; Volume 5, Issues 5-6, 1988, Pages 325-333.

[33] Acetaldehyde Oxidation in Molybdenum Deficiency. J.Biol.Chem.-1957;533-6.

[34] Alkylperoxyl Radical-Scavenging Activity of Various Flavonoids and Other Phenolic Compounds:  Implications for the Anti-Tumor-Promoter Effect of Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47 (2), pp 397–402.

[35] Antioxidative Action of Flavonoids, Quercetin and Catechin, Mediated by the Activation of Glutathione Peroxidase. Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 1999, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp 1-11.

[36] Studies on the radiation protection effect of rutin in total body irradiation of white mice. Strahlentherapie. 1962 Feb;117:265-70. [Article in German]

[37] Administration of Rutin as a Protective Agent Against Radiation Injury. British Journal of Radiology (1953) 26, 271.

[38] Selenium: Biochemical Role as a Component of Glutathione Peroxidase. Science 9 February 1973: Vol. 179 no. 4073 pp 588-590.

[39] Effects of silymarin on the proliferation and glutathione levels of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from β-thalassemia major patients. International Immunopharmacology; Volume 6, Issue 8, August 2006, pp 1305-1310.

[40] The Effect of Sodium Alginate on the Absorption of Strontium and Calcium in Human Subjects. Can Med Assoc J. 1966 September 3; 95(10): 532–534.

[41] Curcumin: a novel nutritionally derived ligand of the vitamin D receptor with implications for colon cancer chemoprevention. J Nutr Biochem. 2010 Feb 11.

[42] Curcumin induces apoptosis in HCT-116 human colon cancer cells in a p21-independent manner. Exp Mol Pathol 2008 Jun;84(3):230-3.

[43] The Antioxidant Properties of Zinc, Saul R. Powell. Journal of Nutrition. 2000;130:1447S-1454S.

[44] Zinc Deficiency Induces Oxidative DNA Damage and Increases P53 Expression in Human Lung Fibroblasts J. Nutr. 2003 133: 2543-2548.